The Halte de Chasse in the Prehistory
of Eastern Canada:
Variability, Representativeness and Significance
Adrian L. BURKE
Archaeologists working in Eastern Canada regularly excavate small sites that appear to be the product of short term occupations by hunter-gatherers. Ethnographic and ethnohistoric data on hunter-gatherer groups that occupied these northern latitudes indicate that there are many types of short term sites and that they should contain evidence of a variety of activities and related features and artefacts. This article explores the variability, representativeness and significance of these small, short term, hunting related sites by presenting a few archaeological cases from Quebec.
To cite this article
Burke A. L., 2011 – The Halte de Chasse in the Prehistory of Eastern Canada: Variability, Representativeness and Significance, in Bon F., Costamagno S., Valdeyron N. (eds.), Hunting Camps in Prehistory. Current Archaeological Approaches, Proceedings of the International Symposium, May 13-15 2009, University Toulouse II – Le Mirail, P@lethnology, 3, 9-19.
“Hunters” and “Herders” in the Central Sahara:
the “archaic Hunters” expelled from the paradigm
Jean-Loïc LE QUELLEC
With regard to the chronology of the rock art of the whole Saharan sub-continent, a very common opinion is that, starting from the VIIth millennium BP or even earlier, an older “Culture of the Hunters” had been replaced by groups of “Herders”, and that this change appeared in rock art as a modification of styles, techniques and, above all, of the set of themes associated with the imaginative world of these two populations. A series of recent publications renews this proposal for the Fezzan province, by presenting “archaic Hunters” as existing before 8000 BP, or even as dating from the very Late Pleistocene. After analysing the methodology and the arguments adopted by its authors, this thesis will finally be confronted with, and largely contradicted by, new observations carried out on the two plateaux of the Libyan Messak, i.e. in one of the supposed ‘homes’ of the aforesaid “Hunters Culture”.
To cite this article
Le Quellec J.-L., 2009 – “Hunters” and “Herders” in the Central Sahara: the “Archaic Hunters” Expelled from the Paradigm, P@lethnology, Varia, 388-397.